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Genetic variation of Prunus avium in susceptibility to cherry leaf spot (Blumeriella jaapii) in spatially heterogeneous infected seed orchards

Variabilité génétique de la susceptibilité de Prunus avium à Blumeriella jaapii dans des vergers à graines infectés spatialement de manière hétérogène

Abstract

Cherry leaf spot (Blumeriella jaapii (Rehm) Arx.) is a very serious disease of wild cherry (Prunus avium L.), which produces premature leaf defoliation and vigor decrease. In two clonal seed orchards of P. avium naturally infected by B. jaapii, spatial heterogeneity and autocorrelation of neighbor damage caused by cherry leaf spot impeded proper analysis of the fungus incidence. The iterative spatial analysis (ISA), based on variography and kriging, was successfully used to eliminate the effect of this spatial heterogeneity in analysis of genetic variation in susceptibility to B. jaapii. Significant differences among P. avium clones were found, with moderate to high broad-sense heritability estimates. Genetic by environment interactions, although significant, were not quantitatively important. A strong relationship between leaf spot susceptibility and bud burst was found. However, other factors must be affecting the genetic variation in leaf spot susceptibility, as differences among clones remained highly significant when considering the bud burst as a covariate in the genetic model.

Résumé

Blumeriella jaapii (Rehm) Arx. est une des causes principales du dépérissement du merisier (Prunus avium L.) : il produit une défoliation prématurée et réduit la vigueur des arbres. Dans deux vergers à graines de clones de merisier naturellement infectés par B. jaapii, l’hétérogénité spatiale des dégâts et l’autocorrélation entre voisins empêchent une analyse correcte de l’incidence du champignon. Afin d’éliminer ces effets et d’étudier correctement la variabilité génétique de la susceptibilité au champignon, on a utilisé avec succès l’analyse itérative spatiale (ISA), basée sur la variographie et le krigeage. Des différences significatives entre clones existent pour la sensibilité au champignon. L’héritabilité clonale pour ce caractère est modérée à forte. Bien que l’interaction clone × site soit significative, elle n’est pas quantitativement importante. Par ailleurs, on a trouvé une relation étroite entre la susceptibilité au champignon et le débourrement végétatif. Néanmoins, d’autres facteurs doivent affecter la variabilité génétique à la susceptibilité, car les différences entre clones restent très significatives même quand on utilise le débourrement comme covariable dans le modèle statistique.

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Díaz, R., Zas, R. & Fernández-López, J. Genetic variation of Prunus avium in susceptibility to cherry leaf spot (Blumeriella jaapii) in spatially heterogeneous infected seed orchards. Ann. For. Sci. 64, 21–30 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:2006084

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:2006084

  • wild cherry
  • genetic resistance
  • bud burst
  • broad-sense heritability
  • spatial distribution
  • merisier
  • résistance génétique
  • débourrement
  • héritabilité
  • distribution spatiale