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Effects of some ecological variables on carabid communities in native and non native forests in the Ibaizabal basin (Basque Country: Spain)

Effets de certaines variables écologiques sur les communautés de carabidés autochtones et non autochtones des forêts dans le bassin Ibaizabal au Pays Basque espagnol

Abstract

  • • Carabid beetles were investigated at five different forest types in the Ibaizabal basin (northern Spain). The landscape is characterized by the presence of remnants of native forest surrounded by conifer plantations.

  • • Carabids were trapped in 52 stands of mixed forest, beech forest, holm oak forest, mixed pine and Monterey pine plantations in 2005 and 2006. The main objectives of the study were: compare carabid diversity, recognise the characteristic species, and study the effects of ecological variables on carabid assemblages in the different forest types.

  • • No significative differences in species abundance, richness and diversity were found among the studied forests. Most of the trapped beetles were identified as forest generalists, nevertheless some native and non-native forest specialist species were also found. Distribution of carabid communities overlapped and, except for beech forest, no specific communities were distinguished. Altitude, percentage of grass coverage and temperature were the main variables influencing species distribution.

  • • The results suggest high habitat homogeneity, caused by regeneration in pine plantations of the indigenous understorey, and by poor habitat quality in native forest (patchy remnants enclosed in conifer plantations). This situation could explain the similar carabid diversity.

Résumé

  • • Les carabidés ont été étudiés dans cinq différents types de forêts dans le bassin Ibaizabal (nord de l’Espagne). Le paysage est caractérisé par la présence de vestiges de la forêt naturelle entourés par des plantations de conifères.

  • • Les carabidés ont été piégés en 2005 et 2006, dans 52 peuplements de forêts mixtes, hêtraies, chênaies vertes, peuplement mélangé de pins et plantations de pins de Monterey. Les principaux objectifs de l’étude ont été : la comparaison de la diversité des carabidés, la reconnaissance des espèces caractéristiques, et l’étude des effets des variables écologiques sur les assemblages de carabidés dans les différents types de forêts.

  • • Parmi les forêts étudiées, il n’a pas été mis en évidence de différences significatives pour ce qui concerne l’abondance des espèces, la richesse et la diversité. La plupart des coléoptères piégés ont été identifiés comme étant des généralistes des forêts, néanmoins certaines espèces autochtones et non autochtones des forêts ont également été trouvées. Les répartitions des communautés de carabidés se chevauchent et, à l’exception des hêtraies, aucune communauté spécifique n’a été distinguée. L’altitude, le pourcentage de couverture herbacée et la température ont été les principales variables qui ont influencé la répartition des espèces.

  • • Les résultats obtenus suggèrent que la haute homogénéité de l’habitat est causée par la régénération d’un sous-bois d’espèces naturelles dans les plantations de pins, et par la mauvaise qualité de l’habitat dans la forêt naturelle (restes fragmentaires de forêts entourés par des plantations de conifères). Cette situation pourrait expliquer la diversité similaire des carabidés.

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Correspondence to Arturo Goldarazena.

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Martínez, A., Iturrondobeitia, J.C. & Goldarazena, A. Effects of some ecological variables on carabid communities in native and non native forests in the Ibaizabal basin (Basque Country: Spain). Ann. For. Sci. 66, 304 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1051/forest/2009003

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/forest/2009003

Keywords

  • carabid beetles
  • forest habitats
  • ecological variables
  • forest management
  • biodiversity

Mots-clés

  • carabidés
  • habitats forestiers
  • variables écologiques
  • gestion forestière
  • biodiversité